How To Master A Song In FL Studio

How To Master A Song In FL StudioMastering is the final step in music production. It’s a process of improving the sound quality of your song (if possible and/or needed) with the aid of such tools as equalizer, compressor, limiter, stereo enhancer, etc. It’s also preparing a song for the proper medium. After mastering, your song should be ready to go public.

Keep in mind that mastering goes hand-in-hand with mixing. The truth is, if your song is not mixed properly, amateur level mastering isn’t going to do any good for it – in fact, it propably makes it even worse. Mastering isn’t a way to fix major mixing issues and also it isn’t “magic” to turn a badly unbalanced mix into a polished, commercial song. You need to achieve the “commercialism” already in the mixing stage. So, before considering to experiment with mastering, it’s essential to learn to mix first. Your song needs to sound as good and balanced as possible before going to the mastering stage. At this point, I recommend checking out Tarekith’s Mixdown for Beginners for some really good mixing tips. Also, I have wrote some mixing guidelines for electronic music on my own as well and even though I’m not a professional, they might help you.

Right kind of listening environment and good set of monitors are also essential in mastering so that you can properly hear what needs to be improved.

Lot of producers and professionals say that mastering should be left to mastering engineers and that you shouldn’t master your songs by yourself if you don’t know what you’re doing. I kind of agree, because mastering engineers have the skills, professional equipment, proper listening environment, trained ears and usually a years of experience so they pretty much know what can be done (if any) to enhance the quality of your mix (check the bottom of this article for links to good quality and affordable online-mastering/mastering services).

(As I mentioned already, I’m NOT a professional – I’m just an average hobbyist so what I’m writing here may NOT be the best practice. If you are serious about mastering your song, I STRONGLY advice you to contact a professional mastering engineer. And for some really good, professional advice on mastering, check out this article by Ian Shepherd or Tarekith’s Guide to Mastering Your Own Music.)

HOWEVER, (and I hope you didn’t got scared!) the aforementioned shouldn’t stop you to TRY to experiment with different plugins and settings to see if there’s anything you can do by yourself to make your mixdowns sound better/polished. There are lot of bedroom producers who make outstanding DIY masters of their songs and many of them are self-taught. So let’s move on!

Mastering Tools

There are a wide range of VST plugins that can be used for mastering: brickwall limiters, single band compressors, multiband compressors, equalizers, stereo enhancers etc and there’s even a bunch of presets to get you started. I have to say though, that while presets can be a great starting point, there really isn’t an effect chain or “preset that fits for every mix” -shortcut in mastering. Each mix is different and that’s why the mastering tools needs to be chosen and tweaked according the situation – everything depends on the audio material you have and what you wan’t to achieve with the mastering. That defines the tools and settings you need to use. Sometimes, you may just need a little help of a limiter in the master channel to do the job for you and if you can make your mix sound good with it, then it’s ok. The thing is, you just need to learn to use your ears and pick your tools based on that.

That being said, I am now going to introduce to you a one possible method and set of plugins in FL Studio that can be used to master a song. The settings and plugins I’m using here is tweaked to work with my example song, so the exact same settings (or plugins) won’t work straight away with your mix so you just need to adjust them.

At the end of this tutorial I’m also sharing the FL Studio Mixer State file where I’ve set the plugin chain and parameters as shown in this tutorial so you can start to play with it right away. Remember though: do not use the plugins/settings as is on your songs as they will most likely make your mix sound “weird”. Tweak the settings.

I should also emphasize that this is NOT a definitive guide for mastering as there is a lot more to it than just throwing a bunch of plugins to the master channel. Instead, try to see this like a starting point and introduction to a method and set of tools that CAN be used for this final processing – just to get you going. It might come useful to you as you start to experiment and learn what the different plugins and settings do to your sound to get the results you are after for.

Okay, let’s begin!

Preparing The Song For Mastering And Getting Down To Business

There’s actually two ways to master your songs in FL Studio (or any DAW in that matter): 1) You can master the song while you’re mixing it or 2) you can export the song to a WAV file, create a new empty project and import it back to FL Studio and then master it. I personally like to keep mixing and mastering as a separate processes so I’m using the method 2. and this tutorial will focus on it.

So here’s the step-by-step process:

1. Export your mix to WAV.

Before you export your mix to WAV (do the mixdown), you need to make sure that it’s not clipping. I recommend dropping the master mixer track volume level to around -6.0 dB or lower. This is to leave some headroom (“air”) between the highest peaks and the 0.0 dB level thus avoiding the appearance of clipping (read more about this from my mixing guidelines).

However, if you’re using 32 bit floating point format, you don’t need to worry so much about the clipping (check out mixing tip on using 32 bit floating point format), but even so, it’s still a good practice to avoid clipping by dropping the master volume fader

Also, do not to use any compressor or limiter in the master mixer track when you are exporting.

Use the highest possibly quality for rendering. Here’s the settings I’m usually using:

WAV Rendering Settings For The Mix2. Create a new empty FL Studio project, and open your exported mix in Edison. Cut the unnecessary silence at the end or beginning of the song (if any). Check the pic below:

Cut The Unnecessary Silence Using Edison3. Create a very short fade out at the end of the song (if needed). That’s just to avoid the song to be cut abruptly as there might be a tail of reverb or delay effect still playing after the actual song has ended. Check below:

Create A Short Fade Out At The End Of The Song4. Normalize the WAV file. EDIT: normalizing is NOT necessary here, so skip to step 5 (sorry for my amateurism!).

Normalizing increases the amplitude of the waveform so that the loudest peak is at 100% maximum possible level (near the 0.0dB). This maximizes the volume without clipping. Save the changes to a WAV file.

Normalize The WAV5. Create another empty FL Studio project and import the WAV to a Playlist.

Import WAV To Playlist6. Load the mastering plugins.

Remember, even though I’m showcasing a “mastering plugin chain”, the set of plugins you pick really depends on your mix and what kind of treatment you think it needs. The following plugin chain may very well not suit for your needs (you could do just as fine only with an eq and limiter), but here goes:

Open the Mixer and add these plugins in a following order to the Master mixer tracks FX slots:

  • Fruity Parametric EQ 2 for cutting unwanted frequencies.
  • Fruity Compressor to make sure that the dynamic range of the whole mix is balanced so that there isn’t too big gaps between the loudest and quietest parts.
  • Fruity Multiband Compressor for fine tuning the volume level in areas that are still too loud or quiet in the mix (if any).
  • Fruity Parametric EQ 2 for boosting frequencies.
  • Fruity Limiter for maximizing the volume of the whole mix without clipping it.

Now, few words about the order of the plugins in the FX chain: notice that the eq used for cutting comes before the compression and eq for boosting, after the compression. Why? Because the eq settings affects how the compression behaves. For example, if you boost some low fequencies before the compression, you raise their peak level and compressor will react to these peaks by trying to attenuate them.

However, like always in audio production, there shouldn’t be too much do’s and dont’s: in some situations the aforementioned can be exactly what you need, but in a normal mastering situation, cutting frequencies might be best to be done before and boosting after the compression..

Below is a pic of the mastering fx chain:

Mastering FX ChainNow, to the settings of the first eq.

7. Fruity Parametric EQ 2 for CUTTING.

This is the eq unit that comes BEFORE the compressors. You may wan’t to cut the very low frequencies from around 20-30Hz using high pass filter with steep filter slope and the high frequencies near 20kHz with low pass filter. Those are frequencies that can’t be heard through most of the normal speaker systems, but they might add unnecessary energy to your mix and may make it sound louder (not in a good way) than it really is. In case like this, it’s like leftover noise that needs to be cleaned.

However, if you’re making electronic music especially for clubs, you might wan’t to consider whether you cut the lows at all. This is because if the song is played through large PA systems, you might loose too much of the low end response. And even though human ear can’t hear frequencies of 20Hz and below, they still can’t be FELT in the club.

On the other hand, and correct me if I’m wrong, not nearly all of the large PA systems are able to go down to 20Hz. I’ve heard that most will actually roll off the 30-40Hz (?), so if your mix has a lot of energy in the 20-30Hz region, it will just uselessly waste the headroom of your mix. With that in mind, setting the cut to 30Hz might be something worth to test.

Also, remember this:  if the PA system has been setup poorly, there’s always a risk that sub-bass heavy tracks may blow up the system. :)

Cutting the 30Hz range, when it’s not needed, removes the unnecessary frequencies and may clear up your mix nicely and gives a bit more headroom to raise the overall level of your whole mix.

But it’s really up to you and what you’re planning to do with your song. You may actually end up to not use the cutting eq at all.

Note about the high frequency cut: if you feel like it, you may also try to start rolling off the high frequencies already from 16kHz to reduce the occurance of ear aching high end on large PA systems.

EQ Mastering Settings Before The CompressorNow, to the compression.

8. Fruity Compressor.

Fruity Compressor is a single band compressor and single band compressor is useful in mastering fx chain for leveling the dynamic-range variations in your mix. Compressor is great for “gluing” different sounds in the mix together to tighten up the mix. Fruity Limiter works as good (probably even better as you can SEE where the input signal is peaking so you can easily set a right threshold value) when you activate the compressor mode in it.

Let me explain the idea of compressor a bit more:

Basically, compressor is nothing more than a automated volume controller. The idea is pretty much the same like if you would try to manually tweak a volume controller in a response to the changing volume levels of your audio by trying to keep the overall volume level of the audio within a defined minimum and maximum range. With compressor, this all happens automatically: you can make the quieter parts in your mix louder and also make sure that the louder parts won’t cause clipping as the compressor reduces the gain of the peaks and you can set the threshold level where this is happening and how.

In a mastering situation, compression can be used to make your mix sound dynamically balanced.

Here’s the most common compressor controllers explained:

  • Threshold sets the signal level (in dB’s) at where the compressor starts to kick in. When you start to apply compression process, start with the threshold, because to be able to hear the compression, you must lower the threshold level below the input peaks of your audio signal.
  • Ratio sets the amount of compression that will be applied.
  • Attack controls the time how quickly the compression starts to affect.
  • Release sets how quickly the compression effect will stop after the signal drops below the defined threshold level.
  • Knee sets at what rate the full amount of compression is applied. Decreasing the knee value lets the full compression to be applied more rapidly – as soon as the attack allows. This is the harder knee. Increasing the value makes the knee softer letting the compression kick in more gently.
  • Gain (make-up gain) is used to boost the compressed signal output level because the compression process reduces the gain.

Couple of tips using single band compressor in a mastering situation: you might wan’t to try to use low ratio, long attack and release times for more transparent sounding results (transparent in this context means avoiding that squashed and pumpy sound… keeping the audio as original/natural sounding as possible).

However, every mix is different so it’s IMPOSSIBLE to give any exact settings, but you can START experimenting with these:

  • Threshold: -25dB (or wherever the input signal of your mix is peaking at)
  • Ratio: 1.5:1 – 2:1
  • Attack: 50ms
  • Release: 150ms
  • Gain: 2-4 dB or more (really depends on where you set the Threshold and Ratio)

If your mix starts to sound too squashed, try decreasing the Ratio. Experiment with different Threshold/Ratio combinations.

As a rule of thumb, use the compressor sparingly in a mastering situation to avoid squashing.

Fruity Compressor9. Fruity Multiband Compressor.

Multiband compressor is a great tool in mastering fx chain for fine tuning the volume levels in different frequency areas.

Let me explain the multiband compressor a bit: normal single band compressor (like Fruity Compressor and Fruity Limiter when the compressor mode is activated) affects to the WHOLE frequency band, but multiband compressor lets you apply the compression to a SPECIFIC frequency bands – in this case, low, mid and high. For each band, you can set the filter cutoff point. That means you can define what frequency areas the band compressors will affect.

Multiband compression is very handy tool in mastering because, if you wan’t to compress (control the volume behavior) of just the low frequency range, you can do that without affecting too much to the the mids and highs and vice versa. For example, if  you have loud peaks somewhere in the low frequency area, you can attenuate these without reducing the gain of the mids and/or highs.

Basically, you could do this with an eq as well, but using multiband compressor here will give you a bit more different sounding results than eq – more “organic” or whatever the proper term is.

Here’s a quick introduction to different parameters in Fruity Multiband Compressor. Check the pic below (click to see it bigger):

Fruity Multiband CompressorWhat settings do I recommend to use with Fruity Multiband Compressor? Again, it’s impossible to give any recommendations as everything depends what kind of audio you are mastering. You can START with these though, but be cautious: these may NOT work at all with your mix (I actually feel a kind of dumb by recommending specific settings here…)!

  • Limiter: 0ff
  • Filter: FIR

LOW BAND:

  • Threshold: -25.0dB
  • Ratio: 1.2:1
  • Knee: 0%
  • Attack: 3.3ms
  • Release: 62ms
  • Gain: -1.6dB

MID BAND:

  • Threshold: -9.0dB
  • Ratio: 1.8:1
  • Knee: 76%
  • Attack: 31ms
  • Release: 56ms
  • Gain: 1.6dB

HIGH BAND:

  • Threshold: -11.0dB
  • Ratio: 2.0:1
  • Knee: 76%
  • Attack: 3.6ms
  • Release: 48ms
  • Gain: 2.7dB

Seriously, you need to learn to use your ears and let them judge what settings to use. 8-)

Now, to the boosting eq.

10. Fruity Parametric EQ 2 for BOOSTING.

This is the eq unit that comes AFTER the compression. If you wan’t to add a bit of brightness to the whole mix, try boosting frequencies around 8-15 kHz using peaking filter with a semi-broad bandwidth.

The boosting could’ve been done with multiband compressor gain controls as well, but the eq is here for even more precise control over the frequencies. Like I mentioned in the multiband compression section above, it will give a slight different results than eq when dealing with the frequency adjustements.

EQ Mastering Settings After The Compressor11. Fruity Limiter.

Limiter is what you use for maximizing the volume of the whole mix without distortion and Fruity Limiter is pretty good for that. The purpose of a limiter in a mastering situation is to limit the output level to a defined maximum level (usually near to 0.0dB) to avoid clipping when you’re increasing the gain.

I’ll try to explain a bit how the limiter works:

Limiter is a close relative to compressor. It keeps the signal from going above a threshold value, just like compressor. If the peaks are trying to go above the threshold value, a gain reduction will occur.

However, in compressor, the gain reduction is applied in a more gentle way and it also affects to the quieter parts of the signal by making them louder, whereas limiter (at least brick-wall limiter) squashes the peaks that are trying to go above the threshold value and leave the quieter peaks alone. Limiters gain reduction is absolut and more aprubt than compressors. That’s the main difference.

In a limiter, you set the level above which the signal will be limited by using the output Ceiling. Usually it’s set to -0.3dB. Now when you start to increase the volume by using input Gain, the limiter will squash all the signal peaks that are trying to go above the -0.3dB. So the more you are trying to maximize the volume of your mix, the more squashed it will sound. Try to be gentle here by not destroying your mix :)

Some limiters like Fruity Limiter has the attack and release controls as well. Attack controls how quickly the limiter responds to the signal peaks. The Release controls how quickly the signal will “recover” from the limiting.

Here’s some of the most important Fruity Limiter settings introduced:

Fruity LimiterYou can start with these settings, but remember that everything depends on the audio material you’re mastering:

  • Ceiling: -0.3dB
  • Gain: 4.0dB-7.0dB
  • Saturation: 0.0dB
  • Attack: 4ms
  • Release: 250ms
  • Attack Curve: 3
  • Release Curve: 3
  • Ahead: 9ms

Experiment with the input gain, but be gentle with it to avoid squashing your mix. You know you’re putting too much gain when the song is starting to sound like stressed or like it’s in great pressure. Try to find a balance between maximum possible loudness and not letting your mix to sound overly squashed.

11. Export the song once again to WAV using highest quality settings, except set the WAV bit depth to 16 bit as this is standard in mastering because you can’t burn 24 bit files to CD.

Final Export SettingsThat’s it. Hopefully this tutorial gave you an idea what kind of tools you can use (and how to use them) to master a song in FL Studio.

However, I can’t stress enough that EVERYTHING starts from a good mix so it’s essential first to make things sound right and polished already in the mixing stage and not trying to use mastering to fix a clear mixing issues.

Also, mastering is not something you learn overnight. Personally, I’m always kind of struggling with it as well. It takes a lot of patience and trial and error, but experimenting is the best way to learn.

Remember also this: using compression in mastering isn’t necessity. If your song sounds good without compression, then don’t use it. It’s not something that is required for making a mix sound great. It’s just there to fix the dynamic range. Actually, EVERYTHING – be it eq, compressor or limiter – depends on the mix and what kind of sound you’re after for. Ask yourself: what do I want – and start from there.

And finally, download the FL Studio Mixer State file here.

Here’s how you load it to a mixer track.

How To Load A Mixer State FileHere’s an example song mastered with using this mixer state file. It’s one of my own songs.

First, the unmastered version:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

And here’s the mastered version. It may be a slightly too much squashed, but anyway, compare the difference:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

Final tip: when you test this mixer state file of mine and you’re experiencing an overly squashed sound, firstly decrease the amount of input Gain in the Fruity Limiter as I’ve set it to pretty high.

For more about mastering, I suggest reading some of these articles:

What Is Mastering?
The Difference Between Mixing And Mastering
How To Make Your Music Loud
Using Compression
Multi-band Workshop
Advanced Compression Techniques, Part 1
Advanced Compression Techniques, Part 2
InternetDJ Mastering Tutorial Thread

If you’re really serious about mastering your song to a professional level, using a mastering engineer is recommended. Check out some of these guys:

Ian Shepherd’s Mastering Media
Streaky Mastering
SAS online mastering
Pete Maher
Tom Waltz Mastering

Or Google for more.

Ok. That’s about it. :)

Credits to Mo Volans How To Master A Track In 15 Minutes Or Less -tutorial which I used as a reference material to create this tutorial!

I hope this tutorial helped you to start mastering a song in FL Studio.

About Petri Suhonen

Petri Suhonen is an electronic music hobbyist. He has been producing music with computers over a decade on such styles as trance, downtempo, ambient & experimental electronic using FL Studio.

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Comments

  1. Jon W says:

    THANK YOU!!!!!!!!!! :D
    I can’t believe how in depth you made this!!! ahhhh I can’t wait to download your mixer file and and try tweaking a few things!

    You should write a book on producing :) I mean that’s basically what your website is :D

    Anyways I will have to try this out now but I’ll post back and let you know how it works for me!!

    Thanks again!!

  2. Hey Petri, I must say just amazing tutorials, I have been using flstudio from early days but your tutorials have just made me master some stuff. though I have a question, what is your opinion about mastering through analogue devices and recording it back to computer as wave file, as most producers, suggest it has that warmth…I would be very interested to hear your views on it.

    much thanks in advance…:)

    • Thank you, Bala!

      I gotta say making these tutorials benefit myself too: I’m learning new little details almost every time I create tutorial :)

      Now to your question: unfortenately I have only little experience on dealing with analogue devices. I’ve heard also that they add the kind of warmth that software isn’t capable of.

      I once “test mastered” one of my songs using Tom Waltz mastering service and I have to admit it sounded really good. He’s using analog and digital equipment.

      So with that said, if you got the $ to put it, it might be a good idea :)

  3. Javier says:

    Nice!!! thanks for the info!

    Gonna try it!

  4. jackson says:

    Beautifully Explained !!
    Waiting for some more updates..
    Thnx

  5. Hahaha… Thanks man!

    Good looking out!

    Learnt alot from this…bookmarked & Favorited

  6. ENESEL says:

    In 3 years, I’ve never been able to get my songs to sound this clear. Thank you very much for all the info about mastering, I learned so much music theory with all of your tutorials. You are simply amazing!

  7. Enigma says:

    Dear Petri,

    Very nice tutorial. Its difficult to write down even if you know the stuff and more difficult to make people understand it. You have done a great job.
    It will definitely help guys who want to get started with music “technically”!
    I read few other tutorials as well.
    Keep up the good work.
    Cheers :)

  8. Very Indepth. Very Pro!

  9. Lawrence says:

    Hi Petri, thanks for the wonderful tips! I’ve downloaded your .flp and will certainly play around will it!

    I do however, have a question that I’ve always been trying to figure out – when you first export each of your channels in the mixdown, do you also export the kicks/ drums of the entire song? or do you just export the melodies without the kicks, and then master your individual wav files on top of the drums?

    Also, during the mixdown or prior to exporting your channels for mastering, do you put a limiter to each of the individual channel?

    And once again, thanks a lot for your time and effort, Petri. I hope to hear from you soon!

    Take care!

    • Hey Lawrence, glad you’re finding this tut useful!

      Now, to your question: I don’t export individual tracks. Instead, I export the whole song.

      You see, the way I produce my songs is that I do the mixing while I’m composing – I set the levels in balance, use eq, etc already in the composing stage.

      After that, I’ll export the whole thing – drums, melodies, etc – to a single WAV file, import it back to FL Studio and then master it.

      Some producers like to export all the individual tracks to separate WAV files, import them back to DAW and then do a more precise mixing.

      I think it’s jus a matter of preference. I like to mix while I’m composing.

      As for individual tracks / channels, I rarely use limiter. Sometimes I may use compression, but that’s about it.

      Hope this answers to your question :)

      • Lawrence says:

        Thanks for the prompt reply, Petri, now I’m getting a much clearer picture already! I really appreciate your kind effort putting all these up, I find your explanations very detailed and easy to understand. It looks like I’ve just bookmarked and favorited a new website!

        Happy weekend there!

      • Man you are realy cool of a guy, i’m thanking God Almigthy for you
        man you are good, hi5 one love man-one love

  10. Teddy Mcquire says:

    this is a nice tutorial…Thx u so much brother… :)

  11. Ranson says:

    Wow! Thanks a lot! Cant wait to try it!

    • oswald chimaobim says:

      i lov ur tutorial very well.but please i need more of it on using wavlab and T.rack to master.pls i need ur help.thanks.

  12. This is amazing. It basically increased the quality of my songs X 10000 lol. I was mastering while I was mixing, and everything was definitely overcompressed now that I’ve tried this a few times. Much warmer, thicker, more complete sound. Thanks for this!

  13. Houston says:

    WOW. To actually sit down and go in depth on such a “secretive” subject in commendable. I truly believe that knowledge is power. Thx

    • Thank you, I’m glad to hear that :) Even though this isn’t the definitive mastering guide, but it should get you started :)

  14. Bonz Borneo says:

    Hi Petri.. Thanks a lot.. It’s awesome..

  15. Edgar says:

    This is a real tutorial, step by step. Thank you very much for the tips, i’m in the correct way learning about mastering.

    • Thank you, Edgar! Remember though that mastering is a subjective thing and in this tutorial I just showed ONE method that worked quite well with the example song. The thing is, your song material and what you want to achieve with the mastering defines what settings and tools you need to use.

      • Edgar says:

        So true, but the principal thing is the ear. :)
        Thank you again.

  16. this was best thing i came across.i apreciated this alot.

  17. Jamarr Floyd says:

    Hey man great post! I’ve been using fruity loops for a while now, a little over ten years. This has just broaden my expectations on how wide I can spread my creativity with creating different variations of mixing within fl studios. I have ProTools, Reason, Logic, and audacity but Fruity Loops is what I’ve used for the longest…..sticking with what i know… but the only thing I would like to see is that you actually start to make video tutorials….I’d be your first customer…. best believe that!!….

    • Thank you Jamarr! On some of my tutorial posts there’s also video tutorial attached, but so far there isn’t any voiceover done as my accent sucks so when I find someone to do the voiceovers, I think I’ll put more effort on the videos :)

  18. Bebophunk says:

    Petri!

    Great tutorial, I am pleased as well as the others about how well the quality has improved for my songs. I am however producing a dubstep song and found everything sounding almost perfect, except that my bass sounded a little bit hidden and main synth doesn”t come out as strong as I would like it.

    Do you have any suggestions?

    Thanks :)

    • Hi Bepophunk, thanks for reading this tutorial :)

      I think you need to go back to the mixing stage of your song and start by checking the levels: can you increase the levels of your bass and synth tracks without causing distortion to the whole mix? Also, is there some sound that competes with the bass or lead? If you find a sound that does this, try to decrease it’s volume level or use equalizer to attenuate the frequencies that overlaps with the bass/lead.

      Also, you can use layering to make the bass/lead sound stronger/fuller (check the layering tutorial here)

  19. Yianni says:

    This is great!! I have a question though,

    How do you import the wav file to playlist? I can’t see the waveform I only know how to load as a sample.

    I also don’t think it’s quite “loud” enough at the end. Maybe my initial mix isn’t quite right, even though I like how it sounds??

    Thanks

    • Hi Yianni! You can drag the wave file to the playlist straight from your desktop or whatever location you have it.

      About your mix: if you’re happy with the end results, I would suggest to leave it there. It’s best not to try to solicit the ultimate loudness as that’s not the sole purpose of mastering and there’s a great chance you destroy the whole mix :)

      Hope this helps!

  20. Thanks a lot sir,
    All the info worked for me…even for all my mixes…I really don’t know how to thanks you..you are really very nice Sir. Hahah I have asked many other producers to help me in the mastering and mixing..but all of them got some ego and attitude, but you damn! you are great…I really can’t believe that, you even shared your preset settings. Thanks a lot sir. And a little help sir. Can you tell me which can be a good synthesizer vsti for funky house genre(dutch genre). Because now a days, I am attracted towards that genre and hoping to produce in it. So if you know any, please tell me. Thanks sir.

    Regards
    DJ Sez
    +Ve Wave Productions.

    • Hi Sez, I really appreciate that so thanks a lot!

      VSTi for funky house? I think quite a lot of synths are capable of producing sounds for practically any genre. It’s all about how you program them, what effects you use and what production technique you use. For free synths I recommend checking out TAL-NoiseMaker , it’s a very versatile and synth and it’s not that hard to program either and there’s tons of presets with it for starters. And commercial recommendations Native Instruments Massive, Refx Nexus, U-He Zebra. But really, I think you can use lot of synths for whatever type of music.

      Hope this helps! :)

      • sajeel says:

        Thanks sir..I appreciate that.. :).Thanks a lot..and yeah noise maker is awesome vsti effect plugin..and yeah I have massive and kontakt 3 of native plus nexus 2. So now I will focus on tweaking them a lil bit. :)

  21. Bicenzo says:

    wow thanks! thank you very very very very VERY much for your time! thanks for showing us (IN SMALLEST DETAILS) how to mix ant master a song, thanks again!!!

  22. trent says:

    THANKYOU SO MUCH!

  23. Alper says:

    Thank you really helped me alot!

    It seemed to me sounds a little low kick .

  24. hector says:

    como guardo un trabajo ya terminado una instrumental donde le doy para guardarlo ?

  25. PEtri Greeeat website man, I have a quick question about compression when you start explaining about single band compression you said “single band compressor in mastering situation: use low ratio, long attack and release times ”

    now how much ms is long attack and short attack? in ms?

    What about release times?

    Like if the knob is hard left is that short, and when you starting turning it to the right is that considered to be longer?

    Thanks again Petri

    • Hey Do and thanks for checking my website!

      Now to your question:

      I would say long attack is something like 35-50+ ms and short attack 1-5 ms.

      Slow release is somewhere around 100-200 ms and short release 3-30ms or something like that.

      And you’re correct: if the knob is hard left it’s short and when you turn it right, it’s longer :)

  26. Hi Petri Sir,

    I have just seen the tutorials on “How to creat electronic music on computer” by you and it seems very benefital and easy to understand. I thank you sir for posting such a wonderful tutorial on creating computer .

    We are in the village and we are not having access to the huge costly studio for our Christian worship songs. We thought of studying how to make our own electronic music and record our songs using computer.

    I will try to study your tutorials regularly and learn. Sometimes can I ask you doubts if I do not understand somehting?

    May God bless you richly!

    With prayers

    Sharaad Nirmal
    India

    • Hey Sharad! First of all glad you’re finding my tutorials useful. And if you have questions feel free to ask :)

      Best of luck to your production! :)

  27. Skyhunter says:

    Wow! Incredible! I did these settings (well with some tweaking but ya know) on an ambient track of mine for a remix competition, and I gotta say it makes a world of a difference! The problem with ambient is you want it to sound like it has a large amount of macro dynamics, without it actually having a large dynamic range. Your settings were almost spot on, Only the limiter and EQ really needed tweaking for my track. Thank you!

  28. chris conn says:

    hey dude this is like another but cooler version of the fl bible

  29. trent says:

    awesome! ONE QUESTION, THE LAST STEP, IF I DO MP3 INSTEAD WILL IT STILL BE THE SAME QUALITY?

    • Skyhunter says:

      No. .wav is the best for quality

      • Yeah, use the WAV.

        • Petri, awsome tutorial, this site is priceless. Keep it up!

          I also have a question about that last step where you export your mastered work to WAV.

          What has to be done if you want to export it to MP3 since its a more known / common format for audio tracks?

          I do understand that the quality suffers since MP3 is compressed but you dont want to send around wav files that may take 100MB or more.

          Thx alot,

          Uri

  30. DJ Future says:

    good tutorial!

  31. Sir, can you make another tutorial about mastering..giving tips for every single part of the beat..from kicks to synths to pads to vox. Please. :)

    And how to make kick sound more louder without compormising the energy level?

    Also what is the best way to find a sweet spot.

    And what are the best frequency range for most common instruments and sounds.

    Please reply sir.

    Regards
    DJ Sez

    • Hey Sajeel,

      Good questions/ideas, but I think you have to look answers in mixing more than mastering… making kick sound loud is a mixing thing imo… you need to mix other instruments so that they wont compete with the kick..

      Have you checked my basic mixing guidelines? It might help you.

      I also have to say that I’m just a bedroom producer/hobbyist and I still lack of in-depth knowledge on some of the areas you mentioned so I’m afraid making such a detailed tutorial is beyond my skillset thus far…

      All the best,
      Petri

  32. *compromising.

  33. oh not a problem sir..and yeah again thanks a lot. After reading your mixing tutorial I am feeling quite relieved now :). And yeah.. every time I mix, I never cut frequency that is not required for a particular instrument, hence wasting more energy. Now I get it. And I can really feel the difference :).

    And yeah you are a great producer. You audios proves this.

    Thanks a lot sir.

    Regards
    DJ Sez

  34. Sinter says:

    Ohh god! Thanks from Poland!!!!!!! :)

  35. Nick says:

    This guy is really humble. Inspiring to read.

    One question Petri. Do I just record the song all the way through and then export it as a .wav, then import it back to FL Studio and follow the instructions you said? I’ve recorded over an instrumental from soundclick.com, and it’s my vocals I want to master. It gives me options to import “beat to slice” in a: Layered Sampler Channels, Sampler Channels or Slicer Channels. Which do I choose?

    • Hey Nick!

      You should drag & drop the WAV file (from whatever location you have saved it) to the FL Studio Playlist instead of trying to use the File -> Import as it is meant for other means.

  36. Thanks a million man. This is the best tutorial…and for free!!!! u d man!!!

  37. DJ ASY says:

    Thanks a ton mate .I am new to music production and people like you makes it more comfortable to do that Thanks again : )

  38. C0dy says:

    very cool, will have to try this out. thanks man.

  39. Thank u Petri, You know Africa hasn’t much of good mastering engineers but with these tutorials i can see most of her music going internationally,,,keep up the good work…..thank you lots
    Que Rap in Botswana.

  40. Justin Sourove says:

    Hello Petri Si r,
    At First thanks a lot for all of this tutorials. This is really COOL. But I got a Problem. How do I make My recorded Voice very Clear And powerful. Although I can’nt Do perfect mastering On Voice. I really need your kind help Sir.

    Justin Sourove
    Bangladesh

    • Hey Justin,

      I’m not an expert on recording from external sources, but I do know that you should have a good quality microphone when you’re planning to record your own voice..

  41. Chonburi Sam says:

    Seriously, thank you so much for putting up free tutorials like this!

  42. Chonburi Sam says:

    Oh, and love the sample mix! Love the melody, and can we say crunchy claps!

  43. Justin Sourove says:

    Thank you Sir
    Justin

  44. danny says:

    omg where are you been before? amazing! im starting right now! :)

  45. Nice tutorial for FL users. One of the most important factors for mastering in any application is accurate monitoring and acoustics. It is once this is resolved that there is a basis for using processing. Cheers

  46. I love you! you seriously saved my career!

  47. First off, I just wanna say thanks a million for such great info. The tutorials on this site have really helped me alot when producing electronic music, one of my favorite genre’s of music. And this entire tutorial for mastering is great knowledge!
    I was wondering though, could this same process be applied to mastering hip-hop music? I am quite good at mixing my own tracks, but mastering is another issue itself. I tend to send my tracks off to be mastered, but I do want to learn myself.
    Would this tutorial help master hip-hop tracks?

    -Thanks a bunch again for such great info.

    • Clinton says:

      I’ve used it to to master a track that had a hip hop type of rhythm. With a little more emphasis on the low end, this tutorial help to really make the track shine.
      Thanks Petri!

      • Thanks I appreciate it. I’ve downloaded the the mixer state file, and I must say that my track did sound a whole lot cleaner and stronger. But I’ll definitely try tweaking the low end. Thanks for the advice.
        And thanks a bunch Petri! Can’t wait for your next upload!

        • np :)

          Yeah, it should work with Hip-Hop beats as well (actually, the example track I’m using is slightly in a style of hip hop).

          Just make sure the low end won’t get squeezed too much :)

  48. You sir.. with this tutorial have helped me to get a good base mixer setup by combining what you have here with what I had already. Thank you!

  49. Rayan Kattoua says:

    I don’t normally reply to articles, but I have been using and following FL since I was a kid. I am now 25 and after all these years of struggling to get a desired audio quality I have finally come 90% closer to my perfected audio quality in my personal unrealistic audio mental scale.

    Just wanted to say thank you so much for this tutorial as it has helped me a GREAT deal. I am not looking for any reply but just wanted to sincerely say, again,
    Thank you Petri

  50. Marcus says:

    Is it really correct to use dithering when exporting the mixing session to wav file, I’ve allways wondered that and lots of people have a different angle in this question! :)

    • Hey Marcus,

      To be honest, I’m not actually sure… I think you should ask that from a professional.

      I’ve noticed though that some of the online mastering services such as Inner Portal Studio says that when you prepare your tracks for sending it over for mastering (for them) you should make sure that the dithering is turned OFF.

      On the other hand, other’s – such as Streaky Mastering – don’t mention that at all…

  51. Ipul says:

    Awsowe mastering. Thanx bro…it’s make my song more great

  52. can you use all of those settings for vocals too? I rap lol??

  53. Thank you for your immense generosity.

  54. SO generous – I’ve been looking around for months to imrove my tracks prior to release. This has explained many things that I didn’t quite understand in the mastering process!

    Thanks again :)

  55. Santosh says:

    Hello Petri,
    I really appreciate your kind efforts in sharing the fruits of your hard works with us. I ( a new learner from India ) was confused and was looking for something detailed and concrete about FL-mixing and mastering. Ultimately I found you and I must say its more than enough help and guidance which your tutorial has provided me with.
    Though I cant give you anything for your support. At least I can say…..
    Thank you……Thank you……Thank you……..for everything.

  56. Dule says:

    I have a question, do you turn off Fruity Limiter on master before exporting it to WAV (in first step)?

    • Yep! Before going to actual mastering stage (or if you decide to send your track for mastering) it’s usually a good idea to disable alle the effects from the Master channel that affects to the dynamics.

  57. DJ PR says:

    Sir,
    i am impressed with u r tutorial how to master
    it really best n easiest way u told sir….
    i am begginer in fl studio 10
    can u guide me i hav some questions….?

    1. which vst plugins can use in kick , clap, snare,hat,bass line,synth,lead,vocal channel before final mastering

    2. hw to extract vocal from mp3 (For mashups)

    if u alredy posted this means send me a link plz….

    once again good work sir
    thankyou

    Regards
    DJ PR
    INDIA

    • Hey Dj PR!

      First of all, thank you!

      Secondly, to your questions:

      1. EQ & compression, but mostly EQ (I wouldn’t recommend putting compression on the master track though. Maybe route all the drum tracks to one track and add compression there).

      2. For extracting vocals on mp3, check out this: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ioFGjlQKb1A

      Thanks for your comments, mate!

      Cheers!

  58. Thanks so much your information really really helps. I like the way you explain to the extreme with detailed example’s and pictures,and info about how much to turn a certain knob and stuff. It is hard to find this kind of information. You should consider into wrtting a book. Your info is valuble.

    • Thank you Jerry ! Book is a great idea, but unfortenately I dont qualify for that as I’m only a hobbyist 8)

      Cheers !

  59. BigFan! says:

    Cant believe how much sence this makes to me. Thanks alot for al your hard work!

  60. Avidosh says:

    You know
    There are so many things to learn from your tutorials

    I dont feel the need to got some music academy now !
    Just learning by your help !!
    Thanks a lot

    • Cool ! Remember though that I’m just a hobbyist and music academies teach you a lot of stuff I don’t have a clue about :)

  61. Oh wow :D this tut was very useful for me. Greetings from Chile :D
    Also, you’ve got a new suscriber. ;)

  62. Brian Konson says:

    I started & finisd é track in FL, then I looked for your tutorial cause I saw it days before the mastering stage. I made an unmastered version & the one I mastered after reading again today. Tell you what? . .I can’t believe the difference between the two versions. . . This is my first mastered track!, I know I won’t get it right the first time though as you might still correct something!, but no instrument sounds submerged, dull or exaggarated. It sounds even & it’s much clearer than its other brother. . . . in brief, your tutorial helped. . . Thank you so much.
    8-). . .

  63. Siyamak says:

    Thanks for your help my friend . I joined it.

  64. Dude, you are too awesome, and too nice. Keep on doing what you do, bro.

    AMAZING tutorials, I’ve been looking for a teacher as good as you for years!

  65. I wanna thank you for your help!

    I’m wondering what the difference is between a maximizer and a limiter…
    Actually I’m mastering a project of mine right now, and I hear that the maximizer (TLSMaximizer) is keeping it more to its original sound… it seems that the limiter is more pumping it and therefore losing its original sound…
    Am I right?

    Thanks!

  66. phil says:

    Hey man, I was just wondering if you could show me what presets and settings to have good HIP HOP/RAP vocals.. and if possible please please please the download link so I could open it directly in my FL studio

    • Hey Phil,

      I unfortenately can’t you give you any specific presets or settings because you need to tweak everything according to the audio material you are using. Every case is different. Besides, I dont have much experience on working with vocals, sorry mate.

  67. phil says:

    by the way I use FL STUDIO 9 producer edition … Thank You, GOD bless you!!!

  68. Donovan says:

    damn this really looks good and in detail! i wish i was in the studio to try it out but i cant at the moment bc im at work :/

    but cheers man!

  69. Matthias Maxwell approves! Thanks for helping me finally get my mastering techniques down! This will be great for my new track “Special Effect” :)

  70. lachy says:

    dude do you get paid for this website because this stuff is amazing!!

    • Hey Iachy,

      Nope, I don’t get paid for the content. I do get few bucks from the sidebar ads, and couple of affiliate sales every now and then, but thats about it. :)

      Glad you like the stuff 8)

  71. Thanks for this awesome tutorial bro, it really helped my productions. Quality!

  72. mapiano says:

    I have been making songs using FL studio and with the insight am now ready to go full house in music production

  73. Thanks for this great tutorial. I’ve been experimenting a lot with mastering techniques lately and I will try out your Mixer Sate File. The brief explenation of the multiband compressor was very helpfull to me. I was wondering, do you ever use the Soundgoodizer plugin on your master channel?

    • Hey Felix,

      Thanks for checking the tutorial!

      Now, to your question: answer is no. I think SG is good for beefing drums or bass/leads, but I wouldn’t use it in a master channel as it would then affect to the dynamics of a WHOLE mix too much and there’s not a lot of tweaking possibilities in it (only one knob).

  74. Skonzhy beatz says:

    My music or beat sound demo, its not professional, how can I make it sound professional? please help I use Fruity Loops 10. Thank you.

  75. egefaloz says:

    Your article is very helpful. i ve started making house music for fun with fl but the sound was too poor… and i couldn t find tutorial how to help it… i don t believe there is a way to make it professional outside a studio but this is what i needed… thanks a lot !

  76. Hey, I’ve been here multiple times and I thought I would just say thank you. This has helped me so much with the basics of FL Studio mastering.

  77. peter says:

    please am using fl studio 7 having finished the mixing, i exported to wave file and later open a new window to import, but i open the file to import to play list and the wave file was not there, it was only midi flile, beat to slice and rebirth song that i found. what will i do now?

    • Hey Peter,

      Are you sure you exported to .WAV? Try exporting to your desktop and then dra&drop the wave file to the Playlist.

  78. A.T.O.M-12 says:

    Thank you!! I am going to be running my live 7 tracks thru fl and using this tutorial as a baseline to master outside of live. Thanks a bunch. I will post back up once I get time.

  79. Rotherman says:

    Massive help! So much effort has gone into this tutorial and I’m so grateful that you have done it, Petri! Thank you!

  80. k33fys says:

    Fantastic tutorial. I have always hated the thought of mastering as I could never get
    “that sound”.
    You have no tonly showed me how but made understand why. Thanks.

    • I’m glad to hear that, even though I’m not a professional, but a least its something to get started with 8)

      • tot to bot says:

        pETRI i THINK ITS PRETTY OBVIOUS THAT YOU COULD EASILY GET PAID FOR YOUR (sorry didnt know caps was on) anyway you could easily get paid for your ability to format your ideas to us via this site. When you come up with your e book or regular book it will be much needed and much apprehateited.

  81. Ahmed says:

    thanx so much for the valuable tips .. i was dying searching for this & couldn’t find nowhere
    i have a question pls … what if i added stereo enhancer to the master , is it okay ? if so , inwhich order should i put it .. after compression ? before ? thanx so much

    • Hey Ahmed and thanks for your feedback!

      To your question: yeah, stereo enhancer is quite common effect in the mastering chain. Just make sure that you’re using enhancer where you can choose the frequency area to enhance. If you process the low end with a widener things are usually starting to sound just bad.

      I’m not actually quite sure about the order though… maybe try both and choose the one that sounds better.

  82. Patrik says:

    Thanks for helping me with my mastering. will us this mastering lesson a couple of times to learn how to get it as good as possible. Just tell me if you want to get a free copy of my bands track :)

  83. Hey! Very nice tutorial!

    Will this tutorial be effective also for hip-hop tracks (that go around 90 bpm, usually)?

    Thank you, and hope that you will help me!

    L

  84. So I was reffering to 90 bpm tracks, because I am wondering about the attack/release time – compressors/multiband. I am not sure if the settings for electronic (up-tempo) track will “fit” for a slower tempo one.
    Hope you wish to help me too. I want to release the first demo/mix tape and am not sure if the sound is ok.

    Thank you in advance!

    L

    • Hey Leo,

      Thanks for checking the tutorial!

      To your questions:

      This tutorial should apply to hip-hop as well though keep in mind that it is only a starting point and kind of insight to tools you can use for mastering.

      With more uptempo tracks you might want to try a bit faster attack/release time…

      The thing is, every mix is different so the settings should be tweaked case-by-case -basis… you need to use your ears to decide what settings works best with your track.

      In the Mixer State file I’m sharing, I have tweaked the settings according to one of my own songs. Its tempo is 100bpm and its actually a bit of hip-hop style track. However, I’m pretty sure the exact settings wont work as is with your track as everything depends on what kind of sounds and frequencies you’re using in your mix.

      You just need to tweak-and-listen, listen-and-tweak 8)

      • THANK YOU! Already tried the settings, anw tweaked some of them, accoriding to the song. It’s just great for what I need. For my little projects, recording home and playing around for my firends, it’s just very fine. I really like it and begun having confidence in me.

        You have a good day, mister Suhonen!

  85. Shervin says:

    Hi Petri!
    I thoroughly enjoyed this tutorial and found it very helpful in expanding my understanding of the plugins. I was wondering whether you deem this process of mastering only useful for electronic music or is it equally effective with acoustic/instrumental music?

    Thank you

    • Hey Shervin,

      And thanks for your feedback!

      Unfortenately I have very little experience on processing acoustic music and tracks with “real” instruments. However, I’m quite sure that the same set of tools are/can be used, but with quite a different settings.

  86. casy sings on fb says:

    hey man,i salute u.and dnt ever under estimate yoself coz u a profesional.usualy i master my trax in cubase4,in this chain>>waves c4>waves eq10>waves l2 and usualy get gud results.afta goin thru yo page i learnt fl is a gud software too.and i wil b using yo presets owez o weneva i go to fl,it has realy wekd wel wit my soundcard.r u on fb?thanx n lov u mane,no homo .

  87. casy sings on fb says:

    i liked it mane…its a cool one.i was tryna experiment sumin wit yo masterin chain,i added waves lineq and fo tha limiter i used waves l2,my dancehal song ws bangn..if anythn,you the best man coz i neva tweakd the compressors bt o sounded pefect.bigup

  88. I tried it right away on on of my older tracks and it worked like magic. Here it is

    http://soundcloud.com/saintvee/beverly-hills-cop-theme-saint-vee-remix

    Good tutorial mate! Cheers

  89. 1 Teezy says:

    Really Awesome Work..Keep it up

  90. Brendan says:

    Super helpful! Thanks!

  91. DJ Chavez says:

    THANK YOU SO MUCH. EVERYDAY MY EYES ARE BEING OPENED TO THIS INFINITE WORLD OF PRODUCTION!! ITS AWESOME PEOPLE LIKE YOU TAKE THE TIME TO HELP OUT OTHER PEOPLE WHO WANT TO GET PROFESSIONAL SOUNDING TRACKS. THANKS AGAIN.

  92. Fernando says:

    Hi Petri,
    This is the BEST tutorial I have read on mastering and mixing on FL Studio! (and I’ve been reading a lot)
    Well explained. Not only HOW, but also WHY.

    Thank you very much for sharing your knowledge!

    I do have one question, why do we export in 16bit after mastering, instead of 24bit?
    Thank you once again.

  93. Emillio says:

    Hi There. this is such an awsome tut and i love all the stuff on this website. im a producer from South Africa and i just have a question, when you are rendering the initial file to wave do you need to have the level of all the instruments to 0db or leave them as is how you had them while making the track?

    Thanks again and keep the stuff coming =)

    • Hey Emilio,

      Leave the instrument levels as is, but you might want to drop the Master volume fader few dB’s just to avoid clipping.

  94. 13dbycd says:

    Wow, I’m simply amazed by the comparison of the two versions at the end. I haven’t read through the tutorial yet because I need to know more about a lot more other stuff first I guess, but I’ll definitely come back to this tutorial when I feel like there could be much more to any of my songs’ sound (which will always be the case, I guess.)
    Thanks a lot for your great webpage, I think you could definitely make some money off writing an (e)book on electronic music, and not only that materialistic part but also you’d make a lot of people happy because you always explain things very easily and broadly, but still to the point and you don’t get lost in details. You master that tightrope that all tutorial makers probably have to trip down very well. I hope you keep on making all this!

    Greetings from Germany
    Simon

  95. Brandon says:

    Great tutorial. Is there are benefit to using Maximus instead of Fruity Limiter? Maximum seems to make it louder without losing quality.

  96. Bundles of thanks.

    Have been wondering how to mix/master my songs, tons of thanks bro.

    One question though….although I use your sample setup but don’t know why still some of the components specially strings at high velocities come out to be faded/clipped/doomed/interrupted. Keeping in mind final cut down is “0” db. On my DAW (FL) it works fine (no issues) but after conversion I am getting these results.

    Would you please mind shedding some light bro?

    Greetings

  97. Heru says:

    Just, thanks.
    You rock man!

    http://soundcloud.com/herv-ademola

  98. Lexa Guztaf says:

    Found out Maximus is good as well to use when u mastering!

    Nice tutorial !

  99. heey thaaanks alooot maaaan that waas veryyy helpfulll (y) bigup From morocco

    is there any Tutoriale about Mixiing ??

    thnx agaiin

  100. suburban says:

    hey, thanks a lot men, but now can you make a tutorial for how record a song, you know, the fls mix, the voices, voices effects .and it mastering, anyway thanks a lot men

  101. Piu Black says:

    Hey, man. I did everything that you say in the tutorial but when I level up the gain in the fruity limiter, the song was saturated. What is the wrong with my music?

  102. Awwww man ur the best worked perfectly for me
    May god bless u with lot of fame and money and blessings ….XD

  103. Teck, The Future says:

    Hey Petri,

    Thank you so much for this really in depth article. I have not found anything written so well and so informative. I do however wonder why you export in 16bit and not a higher setting?

    • No problem Teck, thanks for checking it out.

      To your question: 16 bit is a standard in the final master because CD format is limited to 16 bits only so if you’re going to burn your music to audio CD you need to do that.

  104. realking01 says:

    good work man what do you think about the maximus for the matering?

  105. Fracta says:

    Oli muuten helvetin hieno tutoriaali, kiitos tästä! Oon nyt vuoden tehny junkkaa ja oon koko sen ajan funtsinu et miten nää asiat oikeesti toimii, ja nyt löysin vihdoinkin hyvän tekstin koko hommasta. Vielä suomalaisen tekemä! Oli huikee apu. BIG UP!

  106. Kelvin says:

    This is difficult as hell, specially if your mix wasn’t done properly. Only now that I was trying to master my song did I notice some problems with it.

    Hope I get it right the second time around.

  107. Jay Brasil says:

    what? No video : (

  108. Vishnu Baburaj says:

    @Petri,
    I’d love to listen to a couple of your tracks.Honestly, your tutorials are far more better than most tutorials online.Great job (Y) , I bet there are lot of people finding your tuts very useful.
    Pls post the links of your tracks, if you have uploaded them.
    Thank you
    :)

  109. Rangs says:

    nice songs and useful tuts. thanks a lot! :D

  110. Jimmy Sound says:

    Unbefreakinglivable, congrats for a great great tutorial! man I need you to master few of my songs eh. Terveiset Helsingistä!

  111. Irfan says:

    What a wonderful website and really helpful tutorials “Petri”
    Gr8 job applause from “Pakistan”
    i got 1 question mate.
    In the 2nd EQ i can see just the number 6 band, now u didnot chose 7th band any specific reason.
    Because when i choose the preset “peaking only” i got all 7 bands even if i turn the frequency and bandwidth of all bands to zero except the 6th , on the far left i can still able to see the last band i ve
    turned to zero.But in your image all i see is band 6 moved towards right and raised a bit.
    is that the same preset called “peaking only”
    I do music as a hobby started using fl studio 3 months ago.i think i’ve made a good sounding track mixing is alright as well, but i was searching just how to improve the overall sound and got You, wow learned alot from your website man.i’ll post my track link soon it would be great to get ur comments and advices for the improvement.
    God Bless
    Peace

  112. Xoria says:

    Best mixing tutorial on the internet. I love guys that know how to explain something simply and humbly. Thank you, sir.

  113. Thanx Man!

  114. chillboy says:

    thx a lot bro ! u save my life

  115. Dr. Jeckel says:

    So this has really helped a lot and has enhanced my sound greatly, but I have a serious question. It seems to be briliant when I render it to wav format but when I use the same set-up you have (512-point sync, dithering, 16-bit, etc) for rendering it to mp3, the track seems kind of dull. Is there any way to render it to mp3 without compromising the sound within FL Studio or should I just render it to wav and then convert it? Thank you and I appreciate the help! :D

    • Hi,

      Can you explain further what you mean by dull? Have you made a side-by-side comparison with the WAV and MP3 and point the difference? What kind of system are you using to playback your song? Also, what bitrate are you using for the MP3 compression in FL Studio? Try 320kbps or higher. You shouldn’t here any noticeable difference on the sound quality.

      Let me know if it works.

      • Dr. Jeckel says:

        Actually after comparing them both I noticed that the only difference was in my kick drum which didn’t seem to have the same snap that it should have had as it did in my premaster. So I looked at more of your articles and read something about layering kicks. It seemed to have fixed my problem. Thank you for this… My tracks are far from professional, but I have seemed to pump out much better quality… Good enough to actually get a release. So I thank you for this. Here’s what I did immediately with this specific article. http://soundcloud.com/dj-dr-jeckel/insane… So thanks, I am very thankful for this! :D

  116. Petri
    Thanks very much for your help your site is the best reference on the net concerning fl studio if i can ever return the favoer let me know…

    Fred Legrand
    Dutch-Beat Records

  117. Johnny Funk says:

    Followed this as a guideline and it really made my tracks come alive. I had been stuck creatively due to mastering difficulties but now feel revived thanks to this tutorial. Many thanks!

    J

  118. Thomas Bos says:

    Wow, what an amazing article!
    I have been producing for a while now but I never really mastered my tracks because they weren’t good enough, now after a while of producing I produce great tracks but I never learnt how to master so still my tracks had that crappy sound.
    Now finally my tracks are a bit polished, thank you so much!
    You’re a good writer man, haven’t had trouble reading this article, you kept it intresting!

    Greetings from Holland,

    Thomas

  119. coxartproductions says:

    Hi, nice Tutorial, will work with it, because, i work for Years on FLStudio and i have loudness problems when uploading tracks to Soundclould. I´ve read some about the Streaming Quality on souncloud is low (128-160), so it is not necessary to render wav/mp3 to 192 or 320kbps, is that right? i hear some music and i wonder how can this so loud….
    What is the best way to make the Track loud on soundcloud ;)…only tune up the volume isnt enought

    Thx and Regards

  120. This is a fantastic tutorial. Great amounts of detail and information on the parametric khz. I do have one question. Will this make a difference if I apply this to trance tracks? as you can see from my website, I am a professional trance producer. But one thing i must confess is i struggle mastering uplifting trance tracks.

  121. hey petri, this question always pops up in head everytime i listen an electronic music from pro dj/producers such as avicii, hardwell and ect. they quality of their tracks are amazing, do u have any idea what software or plugins do they use to achieve that perfection?

  122. gon flawless says:

    Now are u doing sound by sound or whole song

  123. Andrew says:

    This is extremely useful, not necessarily for the specific points or suggestions you made (though they help) but because of all the ideas one can draw from such an explanation to try on their own/

  124. Jerald says:

    All I know is it is 1:00 am in the morning where I am at. And I have been trying to mix and master a song all day. I should have read this at breakfast time not bedtime. This is awesome. You are very well appreciated!

  125. mitch says:

    Who created this track? and can i find a full version cause it sounds awsome !

  126. jerald says:

    It’s my own track! And If i think about adding one more piano sound to it I am going to scream! :) My brother is also a musician and well versed at it. But it takes him 4 months to master his songs. I refuse!

  127. Is it a good idea to start and create a beat (drums first, then bass, then synths or vica versa) with a Limiter an other plugins in the master track? When starting to create a beat ive recently been using a template i made of my own in the master track with Fruity Stereo Enhancer first, Fruity Soft Clipper second, and Fruity Limiter third. I never knew the order of those plug-ins can or do make big or small diffrence (Thanks to your post i now have some insight on that) But ive been experimenting and will continue with alot of diffrent ways to make beats so i know theres never really a right or wrong, But would like to see what you say on the matter if you can. Heres a beat that i made about a week ago that i didnt master at all but used a limiter in the master channel, exported and posted.

    https://soundcloud.com/zanzitheauthentic/mad-max

    just would love some insight or words of wisdom thnks in advance if you can, also i love the website and will continue to check in

  128. Benjamin says:

    Thank you very much man. I had been reading and watching various tutorials online but non of them helped as much as this did. It was very in depth and well explained. I mastered my track as I read this tutorial and I should say that my mix sounds great with the exact settings you provided. Again, thank you so much.

  129. Front says:

    Basically all this should be done in the process of mixing if you want perfect outcomes.
    What should be made in the mastering process is dithering, limiting and if necessary miniature tweaks (e.g. stereofield, loudness adjustments).

    this way you make sure you have full control in all points of enhancing the track and mixing it.

    just make sure you check this out and the outcomes

  130. You guys might find this useful I use a similar set of plugins in fl studio http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL3sZaqExJ6T3JILSg1BPqWBqCtTpQ9OTO

  131. shantanu says:

    sir plz give me download link of this mastering tips……… its really superbbbbbbbbbb tips…..iam waitin for ur reply

  132. VANZ says:

    Thank you very much, have greatly improved the quality of my productions.

  133. Simon says:

    Shantanu were you asking me I wondered due to what I shared above?

  134. St Remy says:

    DAMN!!!! Dude, You’re the BEST!!! Finally…I Can Master! ^_^

  135. Mangaliso Max xaba says:

    That’s what I’m talkin’ about. Your mastering guide is passionately comprehensive &
    has such a considerate manor of presentation, has a rich sense of thorough insight
    and it is chronologically plain.

    I really like the way you understand this DAW & how in your explanations you
    can relate it to physical science. Now I’m not only tweaking virtual nobs but I’m
    also enlightened about what causes the particular change in the sound.

    I have created a couple of Hip Hop beats in FL Studio 10 and always had to up
    the Master Volume and the Mixer’s Master volume after composing and mixing
    the Mixer tracks & patterns, which I gather causes distortion on playback and
    clipping.

    Every completed track or sample I converted to WAV or mp3 to test on my regular
    theater system I would/could only play up to certain maximum Volume without the fedility
    and sonic transparency. I wouldn’t have played my beats & pass the remote to
    someone without the understanding of harmful speaker distortion levels cause they
    would blow the speakers like the chicks that blew my morels. (“,)

    This afternoon (South African time) when I googled “Mastering in FL Studio” I
    found your blog, mastered my latest beat while reading along and let me tell you
    the song is alive, it is as transparent as an ax-ray image and it does not have all
    that baggage it used to have. It’s almost like a fat girl you’d last seen 2 years ago
    and now she’s back, beautifully toned and shaped without the baggage. The song sounds
    defined, in-sync, purified, transparent with a pleasant dynamic range. It sounds
    so professional.

    Excellent work my friend. Thank you every much. I feel indebted to you. I will be on
    the lookout for more of your deciphered insights.

  136. Paul says:

    Hmm LOVELY awesome can this be also done for other genre as well mate? :)

  137. Gustav says:

    Hey, this have helped me alot – thank you for that! When mastering, I always use your tips by loading the FX in this order (as you have described):

    Fruity Parametric EQ 2
    Fruity Compressor
    Fruity Multiband Compressor
    Fruity Parametric EQ 2
    Fruity Limiter

    …and then I just go by my ears and fiddle around ’til it feels right.

    When I use compressors, I always lower the threshold completely, set the ratio at 5.0:1 (sometimes 3.0:1… well, you know, depends on what ur doing lol) – and then I slowly raise the threshold just ’til I no longer hear the spiky sound that the compressor gives if it’s too compressed. Is that a good way? I think so :D

  138. Agha Shiraz (Pakistan) says:

    Hello Petri

    That is an amazing article, and that is what I needed. I used to publish my songs without these technical attributes but now I feel more confident.

    Thank you so much.

  139. Cooliz says:

    Very detailed thanks

  140. Isaac Phiri says:

    Awesome tut. atleast i have an idea of where i can start.

  141. Blhurr says:

    This is a fantastic tutorial. I was wondering if you could do another one or update this one to include Maximus.